Properties of steel

Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon and other elements. Because of its high tensile strength and low cost, it is a major component used in buildings, infrastructure, tools, ships, automobiles, machines, appliances and weapons

Chemical Composition: C=0.45%, Mn=0.75%, P=0.04% max, S=0.05% max

Density : 7.872* 10³ kg/m³

Modulus of elasticity : 201 GPa

Thermal expansion (20 ºC) : 11.7*10-6 ºCˉ¹

Specific heat capacity : 486 J/(kg*K)

Thermal conductivity : 50.9 W/(m*K)

Electric resistivity: 1.62*10-7 Ohm*m

Tensile strength (hot rolled) : 565 MPa

Yield strength (hot rolled) : 310 MPa

Elongation (hot rolled) : 16%

Hardness (hot rolled) : 84 RB

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