What is Green Building?
Green building also known as Green Construction or Sustainable Building, It is the practice of increasing efficiency with which buildings use resources- energy, water and materials-while reducing building impacts on human health and the environment.
Concept of Green Building
The `Green Building’ concept is gaining importance in various countries, including India. These are buildings that ensure that waste is minimized at every stage during the construction and operation of the building, resulting in low costs, according to experts in the technology.
The techniques associated with the `Green Building’ include measures to prevent erosion of soil, rainwater harvesting, use of solar energy, preparation of landscapes to reduce heat, reduction in usage of water, recycling of waste water and use of world class energy efficient practices. A similar concept is natural building, which is usually on a smaller scale and tends to focus on the use of natural materials that are available locally.
Technology used in Green Buildings
The technologies employed in green building are constantly evolving and may differ from region to region, fundamental principles persist from which the method is derived:
- Energy Efficiency
- Water Efficiency
- Materials Efficiency
- Indoor Environmental Quality Enhancement
- Operations and Maintenance Optimization
- Waste and Toxics Reduction
Techniques associated with Green Buildings
The techniques associated with green buildings are measures to prevent soil erosion, water harvesting, reduction in usage of portable water, recycling of waste water and use of world class recycling processes
- Solar power
- Wind power
- Hydro power
can significantly reduce the environmental impact of the building. Power generation is generally the most expensive feature to add to a building.
Benefits of Green Building
- Energy Savings
- Water Conservation
- Reduces fossil fuel consumption.
- 50-75% savings in heating and cooling costs.
- Lower Carbon Footprint
- Reduced Environmental Impact
- Reduces atmospheric pollutants.
- Better Indoor Air to Breath and Increased Productivity